The PlayStation 2

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( PS2) is a house computer game console created and marketed by Sony Computer System Enjoyment. It was first released in Japan on March 4, 2000, in North America on October 26, 2000, in Europe on November 24, 2000, as well as in Australia on November 30, 2000. It is the successor to the original PlayStation, as well as the second installment in the PlayStation console line-up. A sixth-generation console, it took on Sega’s Dreamcast, Nintendo’s GameCube, and Microsoft’s initial Xbox.
Announced in 1999, the PS2 provided backward-compatibility for its precursor’s DualShock controller, along with its games. The PS2 is the very popular computer game console of perpetuity, having offered over 155 million devices worldwide.Over 3,800 game titles have been released for the PS2, with over 1.5 billion duplicates sold.Sony later produced several smaller, lighter alterations of the console called Slimline versions in 2004.
Despite having the launch of its successor, the PlayStation 3, the PS2 remained popular well right into the 7th generation. It continued to be produced up until 2013 when Sony ultimately introduced that it had actually been terminated after over twelve years of production– among the lengthiest lifespans of a video game console. Regardless of the news, brand-new games for the console continued to be created until the end of 2013, consisting of Final Dream XI: Hunters of Adoulin for Japan, FIFA 14 for The United States and Canada, and also Pro Advancement Football 2014 for Europe. Repair solutions for the system in Japan ended on September 7, 2018.

Background

Though Sony has kept information of the PlayStation 2’s advancement key, service the console began around the moment that the initial PlayStation was released (in late 1994). Insiders mentioned that it was developed in the United State West Coastline by previous participants of Argonaut Software.By 1997 word had dripped to journalism that the console would certainly have backward-compatibility with the initial PlayStation, an integrated DVD player, and Net connectivity.Officially, nevertheless, Sony continued to reject that a successor to the PlayStation was being created. Sony revealed the PlayStation 2 (PS2) on March 1, 1999. The video game console was positioned as a rival to Sega’s Dreamcast, the very first sixth-generation console to be released, although inevitably the major competitors of the PS2 were Nintendo’s GameCube as well as Microsoft’s Xbox.The Dreamcast itself launched extremely efficiently in The United States and Canada later that year, marketing over 500,000 systems within two weeks.
Soon after the Dreamcast’s North American launch, Sony unveiled the PlayStation 2 at the Tokyo Game Program on September 20, 1999. Sony revealed fully usable demonstrations of approaching PlayStation 2 video games including Grandmother Turismo 2000 ( later launched as Grandma Turismo 3: A-Spec) as well as Tekken Tag Event– which showed the console’s visuals capabilities as well as power.
The PS2 was introduced in March 2000 in Japan, October in The United States And Canada, and also November in Europe. Sales of the console, games as well as devices drew in $250 million on the very first day, defeating the $97 million made on the first day of the Dreamcast.Directly after its launch, it was challenging to find PS2 units on retailer shelves due to producing hold-ups. Another option was acquiring the console online with public auction sites such as eBay, where individuals paid over a thousand bucks for the console. The PS2 at first marketed well partly on the basis of the strength of the PlayStation brand and also the console’s backward-compatibility, selling over 980,000 systems in Japan by March 5, 2000, someday after launch. This enabled the PS2 to touch the large mount base established by the PlayStation– another major marketing factor over the competition. Later, Sony included new advancement kits for game designers and also even more PS2 units for consumers. The PS2’s built-in performance additionally expanded its audience past the player, as its launching prices coincided or less than a standalone DVD gamer. This made the console an affordable entrance into the residence cinema market.

Hardware

Software application for the PlayStation 2 was distributed mostly on DVD-ROM, with some titles being released on CD-ROM. On top of that, the console can play audio CDs as well as DVD flicks as well as is backward-compatible with nearly all original PlayStation video games. The PlayStation 2 also sustains PlayStation memory cards as well as controllers, although initial PlayStation memory cards will only work with initial bios ps2 games and also the controllers might not support all features (such as analog buttons) for PlayStation 2 video games.
The common PlayStation 2 memory card has an 8 MB capacity.There are a range of non-Sony produced memory cards offered for the PlayStation 2, permitting a memory capability larger than the basic 8 MB.
The console also includes 2 USB ports, as well as 1 IEEE 1394 ( Firewire) port (SCPH-10000 to 3900x only). A disk drive can be set up in an development bay on the back of the console, and also is required to play certain video games, especially the popular Last Dream XI.This is only readily available on certain versions.
The console utilizes the Feeling Engine CPU, custom-made by Sony and also Toshiba and based on the MIPS style with a floating point performance of 6.2 GFLOPS.The GPU is furthermore custom-made for the console as well as called the Graphics Synthesizer, with a fillrate of 2.4 gigapixels/second, capable of providing up to 75 million polygons per second.When bookkeeping for functions such as lights, texture mapping, artificial intelligence, as well as video game physics, it has a real-world performance of 3 million to 16 million polygons per secondly.

Video and audio

The PlayStation 2 can natively result video clip resolutions on SDTV and also HDTV from 480i to 480p while other games, such as Grandma Turismo 4 and also Traveler Trophy are known to sustain up-scaled 1080i resolution making use of any of the adhering to criteria: composite video( 480i), S-Video (480i), RGB( 480i/p), VGA( for dynamic scan games and also PS2 Linux only), YPBPR element video clip ( which show most original PlayStation video games in their native 240p setting which the majority of HDTV collections do not assistance), and also D-Terminal. Cable televisions are offered for all of these signal types; these cable televisions additionally outcome analog stereo audio. In addition, an RF modulator is offered for the system to connect to older TVs.
Digital (S/PDIF) sound might likewise be outcome by the console by means of its TOSLINK connectorwhich outputs 2.0 PCM, 5.1, and 6.1 channel noise in Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Surround Ex-spouse, DTS, And DTS-ES layouts.

Games

PlayStation 2 software application is dispersed on CD-ROM and also DVD-ROM; both formats are set apart by their discs’ bases, with CD-ROMs being blue as well as DVD-ROMs being silver. The PlayStation 2 provided some especially prominent exclusive video games. The majority of major entrances in the Grand Theft Vehicle, Final Dream, and Metal Equipment Solid series were launched solely for the console. Several respected series got their beginning on the PlayStation 2, including God of Battle, Ratchet & Clank, Jak and also Daxter, Evil One May Cry, Kingdom Hearts, as well as Sly Cooper. Grand Burglary Auto: San Andreas was the best-selling video game on the console.
Game launches peaked in 2004, however decreased with the release of the PlayStation 3 in 2006. The last new games for the console were Final Fantasy XI: Seekers of Adoulin in Asia, FIFA 14 in North America, and also Pro Advancement Football 2014 in Europe. Since June 30, 2007, a total of 10,035 software titles had actually been released globally consisting of games launched in multiple areas as separate titles.

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